A Cursory Guide to “Bedroom Pop”

February 26, 2018


With the recent release of Car Seat Headrest’s revisited version of the 2011 epic Twin Fantasy, I realized that within these past seven years since the original was released, the market for self-produced, independent projects has grown much wider and more accessible for both musicians and consumers. What many call this niche that has been carved out for such artists is “bedroom pop.” The term is misleading because it causes one to think that such music is sickly-sweet drivel, but it’s only a way to describe a hard-to-define genre that, although mostly alternative-centered, includes influences from all over, from lo-fi to r&b. The genre of “bedroom pop” has become an important representation of independent music today, and this relevance is reliant on three factors:  the indepence, musical quality, and emotional quality of an artist’s work. Because of these factors, the “bedroom pop” genre has been able to capture something that all established music institutions, from rap gods to alternative legends, can’t reproduce.

As noted, the first part of the formula is independence; that’s the easy part. With the help of the internet, just about anyone can write a song nowadays; whether that be with an old guitar and a microphone, or even with a generic program such as Garageband. That also means that anyone can create and produce an album, as well as release it on the internet. The need for a record company is over now that one can make it big on Soundcloud—which has become so influential that one can write an entirely separate article on it—or Bandcamp. For an artist who strives to produce music independently, this makes things both easier and difficult. Yes, you can now release an album all by yourself, but so can everyone else you know. That’s where the second part of the formula comes into play, because without it, all young artists would be making the same thing.

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Cleo Tucker and Harmony Tividad of Girlpool

Part two, the musical merit, is harder to reach. Yes, there are common threads that many “bedroom pop” musicians share in their signature style, such as tweeness, or songs that are either extremely long or extremely short, or self-indulgent references to prior inspirations, but those are only the dressings around unique songwriting prowess. Take the band Girlpool, for example, which was started by Cleo Tucker and Harmony Tividad when they were still teenagers. They developed their own unique musical style, which uses only guitar and bass along with their discordant vocal harmonies. Because they lacked a drummer, the duo had to innovate, and through such innovation, they gained notoriety. Girlpool passes the second part of the criteria with flying colors, and due to such success, they have been able to expand the options without losing what made them unique in the first place. A more established musical act may find it hard to invent new ways of using the same instruments they’ve always used, but for young up-and-comers, their fresh perspectives allow for such innovation.

The emotional core of music is what allows it to connect with its audience, often through the lyrics and intonations of the singer. For “bedroom pop” musicians, songs often reflect the plight of a young person in today’s society, whether that be through extreme metaphor, such as Sidney Gish’s dog-version of herself in “Imposter Syndrome,” or extreme bluntness, such as in the work of Frankie Cosmos. It’s a tricky subject to broach, since everyone has different experiences with the process of entering the world of adults, but with the right cultural references and sense of universal ambiguity, it can be done.

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Car Seat Headrest’s Twin Fantasy

Car Seat Headrest, the band that I started off by mentioning, is a perfect example of a group that encompasses all three aspects. Started by front-man Will Toledo when he was in high school, the project released nine full albums through Bandcamp, and gained a cult following. His 2011 epic Twin Fantasy, which he self-recorded when he was nineteen years old, received rave reviews from critics, and remains one of the best-selling indie albums in Bandcamp history. The album deals in part  with Toledo’s struggle with his sexuality, but the emotional message of a young person being lost in the world is universal enough that one can find a connection of her own within the work. The rough edges of the album are extremely audible, but the songwriting prowess and lyrical complexity is apparent, allowing it to shine on its own through tracks such as the three-in-one “Beach Life-in-Death.” But, as I noted, that was seven years ago. Now with better equipment, funding, and record-label backing, the album was re-recorded to fit what the original vision couldn’t be at the time. The shiny new exterior is the product of its success, but the emotional core remains. While Toledo, now in his mid-twenties, has moved on to bigger and better things, his refrain back to his nineteen-year-old self feels as if he is sending a message to both himself and inspiring musicians everywhere that says “if I could do it so can you.”

So, whether it’s the lush electronic soundscapes of Jay Som, or the jazz and soul inspired Rex Orange County, the world of “bedroom pop” is full of a colorful variety of musicians to explore. As a representation of independent music today, I believe that it not only serves but exceeds its purpose. As the genre evolves and meshes with others, it will be interesting to see what else shows up, and perhaps, leads to something entirely different.

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